Self-driving vehicles will change the urban environment. The Self-driving City Research provides the facts and insights to demonstrate how. What is a self-driving car or taxi, who will use them and what are the effects on streets, highways, public transport and on us all, the people?
Except presents the Research Self-driving City (2016-2017), funded by The Dutch Creative Industry Fund and supported with knowledge from local governments, universities and industries. Parallel to the research we contributed to five local cases.
All major car industries are developing self-driving cars. Start-ups appear with new prototypes. Uber and Google invest in pilot projects while European ministers cooperate in adaptation of the legal framework.
But what is the contribution to society of all this? What are the people’s needs and requirements? And will these new transport solutions contribute to a sustainable city?
The selected trends, precedents and data of the research show that proven technology is still limited, but that we are near a breakthrough. Progress is being made by testing in different product combinations such as distribution, private cars and bus services.
De main benefits of autonomous transportation are an increase of traffic safety and the ability to manage traffic more efficiently. Due to the fact that nearly all autonomous systems in the market are electric, ‘zero emission’ is by definition part of the perspective.
One of the largest network effects is that the traditional gap between private cars and public transport will gradually fade away. This development takes off by the introduction of self-driving shuttles for the last miles from station to destinations. Eventually, autonomous (shared) taxi and shuttle transportation will outcompete unprofitable conventional public transport.
Together with shared car and bike services, regional and national rail networks, transportation becomes an integrated online product: Mobility as a Service. The Research Book Self-driving City relates autonomous transportation to this and other trends.
The promises and expectations of accessible, clean, safe, comfortable and frequent transportation due to self-driving technology seem tremendous. But what about the downsides? History shows that each successful shift in transportation systems leads to more traffic. On highways, this growth can be managed, turning traffic into connected fleets that flow effectively over minimized lanes. But within the urban fabric, structures are complex and traffic is far less homogenous. Cities are facing new congestion problems within the ring road zones.
Internet privacy and cybersecurity are other concerns that may withhold people to travel in autonomous vehicles. Will we all trust our journeys to a fleet of algorithm controlled robots? The Vision Book Self-driving City provides the insights for stakeholders to cooperate and develop integrated strategies, needed to profit from the benefit and prevent the downsides of self-driving vehicles.
Parallel to the research Except contributed to several initiatives for ‘last mile’ solutions in Schiedam, Capelle aan den IJssel, Den Haag Binckhorst en Rotterdam The Hague Airport. These are expected to be operational the coming years, with Capelle's Parkshuttle as the 3.0 version of the current system.
In Rotterdam’s case Oude Noorden we explored the long term opportunities of self-driving solutions in a dense urban district.
Urban planner, process manager